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Counselling Techniques

Course CodeBPS206
Fee CodeS3
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment

Study Counselling Techniques to enhance your skills and techniques and a counsellor.

This course will help you to -
  • Improve your use of counselling skills and counselling techniques
  • Improve your knowledge, theory and understanding of what makes an effective counsellor
  • Improve the outcomes for your clients
  • Understand in depth different approaches and therapies
  • Understand more about psychoanalytic psychotherapy, solution focussed counselling and other forms of counselling
  • Look at other practical applications in the counselling role

If you wish to improve your knowledge of counselling theories and techniques?

If you want to improve your practice with your clients?
Then this course is suitable for you!

Lesson Structure

There are 8 lessons in this course:

  1. Psychoanalytic psychotherapy l - Freud, Erikson, Jung
    • Value and relevance of psychotherapy
    • Emergence of psychoanalytical theory
    • Principles of psychoanalytical theory
    • Elements of the personality
    • The notion of conscious and unconscious
    • Anxiety and psychoanalysis
    • Inbuilt psychological coping and damage repair mechanisms
    • Defense mechanisms
    • Freuds psychosexual theory and Eriksons psychosocial theory
    • Jung's perspective on personality
    • Archetypes
    • Recent developments in psychoanalytical theory
    • Goals of psychoanalytical approach
    • Psychoanalytic techniques
    • Analytic framework
    • Free associations
    • Interpretation
    • Dream analysis
    • Resistance
    • Transference
    • Psychoanalytic approach and counselling
    • Personality disorders
    • Critique for psychoanalytic theory
  2. Psychoanalytical psychotherapy ll - Adler
    • Alfred Adler
    • Adler's key concepts
    • Inferiority vs superiority
    • What makes people self interested
    • Social interest and community feeling
    • Individual psychology
    • Psychological types: ruling type, leaning type, avoiding type
    • Sibling relationships
    • Only child
    • First child, second child, youngest child
    • Use of adlerian theory
    • Applications to counselling
    • Freud and Adler
    • Critique
  3. Humanistic/Existential approaches I - Gestalt Therapy; Fritz Perls
    • Introduction
    • Human nature
    • Holistic approach
    • Field theory
    • Figure-formation process
    • Organismic self regulation
    • Focus on the present
    • Resolving dilemmas
    • Personal maturity
    • The effect of contact
    • Effect of energy
    • The experiment
    • Confrontation
    • Gestalt techniques: Internal dialogue, reversal, rehersal, exaggeration, dream work, etc
    • Critique
  4. Humanistic/Existential approaches II - Person-Centred Counselling; Carl Rogers
    • Humanistic therapy
    • Principles of person centred approach
    • Personal attitude of the counsellor
    • Goals of therapt
    • Assessment techniques
    • Areas of application
    • Critique
  5. Rational behavioural therapy - Albert Ellis
    • Rational emotive behaviour therapy (REBT
    • Ellis's view of human nature
    • Personality theory
    • Goals and techniques of therapy
    • Therapeutic techniques
    • Cognitive techniques
    • Emotive techniques
    • Use of REBT
    • Critique
  6. Cognitive behavioural therapy - Aaron Beck
    • Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) and REBT
    • Premises of CBT
    • Cognitive distortions
    • Use of cognitive therapy
    • Family therapy
    • Modifications to CBT
    • Stress innoculation training program (SIT)
    • Stages of SIT
    • Constructivist modification
  7. Behavioural therapy
    • Contempory behavioural therapy
    • Behavioural approach
    • Goals ant techniques
    • Goals of therapy
    • Use of behaviour therapy
    • Basic ID
    • Critique
  8. Solution-focused counselling
    • Introduction
    • Strategies in solution focussed counselling
    • Engaging the client
    • Constructing pathways for change
    • Generating creative solutions
    • Critique

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

Aims

  • Understand psychoanalytical counselling theory; in particular, its origins and application, different techniques, and the work of Sigmund Freud, Albert Jung and Erik Erikson.
  • Understand the principal differences between Adlerian and Freudian theory, the key concepts of Adlerian theory, and the 4 stages of the Adlerian counselling process.
  • Understand the chief elements of the Gestalt approach, to discuss resolution of problems and to describe different effects and techniques of Gestalt therapy.
  • Delineate the person-centred approach to counselling; to understand its principles, goals, assessment techniques and appropriate application
  • Explain Albert Ellis’s views and the evolution of Rational Emotive Behaviour Therapy (REBT), the stages involved in developing a rational philosophy of life, and the different techniques used by REBT’s.
  • Understand the differences between Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT) and REBT, to define the main ‘cognitive distortions’, and to demonstrate an awareness of modifications to CBT
  • Develop an appreciation of the characteristics of contemporary behavioural therapy and different problem-solving techniques adopted by behavioural therapists.
  • Explain the role of solution-focused counselling in modern therapy and the strategies used to generate solutions.

What You Will Do

  • Explain the concept of dream analysis.
  • Differentiate between elements of traditional psychoanalytical theory in terms of its usefulness in modern day counselling.
  • Describe the modification to traditional psychoanalytical theory as prescribed by Erikson.
  • Explain an object-relations interpretation of the origin of ‘narcissistic’ and ‘borderline’ personality disorders.
  • Explain the difference between Freudian and Adlerian theory.
  • Define the key concepts of Adlerian theory including: personality, goals and lifestyle.
  • Explain the concept of superiority v inferiority.
  • Describe the 4 stages of the Adlerian counselling process, i.e: -developing the counselling relationship; -exploring the individual; -encouraging self-awareness; -re-education.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of Adlerian therapy as applied to the counselling process.
  • Define Gestalt therapy.
  • Explain the importance of elements of human nature to the Gestalt approach.
  • Discuss ways in which dilemmas can be resolved using the Gestalt approach.
  • Explain the ‘effect of contact’ and the ‘effect of energy’.
  • Discuss the use of confrontation.
  • Describe different techniques of Gestalt therapy.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of Gestalt therapy as applied to the counselling process.
  • Define person-centred counselling.
  • Outline the principles of the person-centred approach.
  • Discuss how the impact of the counselling process is assessed.
  • Discuss suitable areas of application.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of the person-centred approach as applied to the counselling process.
  • Define REBT.
  • Explain Ellis’ views on ‘human nature’.
  • Describe Ellis’ theory of personality.
  • Discuss the stages involved in developing a rational philosophy of life.
  • Describe different techniques used by REBT’s.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of REBT as applied to the counselling process.
  • Discuss the differences between CBT and REBT.
  • Outline the main ‘cognitive distortions’ as set out in CBT.
  • Discuss the goals of CBT.
  • Describe modifications to CBT (known as CBM).
  • Outline the 3 phases involved in CBT.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of CBT as applied to the counselling process.
  • Define the main characteristics of behavioural therapy.
  • Describe different techniques of behavioural therapy including: -relaxation training; -systematic desensitisation; -exposure therapies; -assertion training.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of behavioural therapy as applied to the counselling process.
  • Define solution-focused counselling.
  • Describe how to engage the client.
  • Describe how questions are used to construct pathways for change.
  • Discuss strategies used to generate creative solutions.
  • Discuss the pros and cons of solution-focused therapy to the counselling process.

PUTTING THEORY INTO PRACTICE
Counsellors will acquire a counselling style that fits their personality and natural helping style. They could overlook important dimensions of the human condition if they were to focus on one theory alone.  Therefore, many counsellors look at different counselling theories and then use them to focus on the areas of counselling they wish to.  Each form of counselling will cover different ways of dealing with different areas of counselling such as:
  • Client/counsellor relationship
  • Therapeutic process
  • Goals of counselling
  • Procedures used
  • Techniques used
You will find that whatever may be your preferred approach, it will not suit all clients and so to stick with it rigidly will sometimes only provide a disservice. Some counsellors may dismiss a client as not being ready for help if they do not respond to the counsellors preferred method of treatment. However, counsellors who adopt this attitude may be being short-sighted. As a counsellor, you can develop and learn more by trying new methods and different approaches with those clients. You will find by doing so, that you improve your skills repertoire and are able to deal with a broader set of individuals.
 
 
 
 Enrol today if you want to improve your knowledge of counselling techniques!
 Enrol today if you want to offer a better counselling services to your clients!
Learn more about counselling theory and techniques with support from our tutors. 


Meet some of our academics

Lyn QuirkM.Prof.Ed.; Adv.Dip.Compl.Med (Naturopathy); Adv.Dip.Sports Therapy Over 30 years as Health Club Manager, Fitness Professional, Teacher, Coach and Business manager in health, fitness and leisure industries. As business owner and former department head for TAFE, she brings a wealth of skills and experience to her role as a tutor for ACS.
Tracey JonesWidely published author, Psychologist, Manager and Lecturer. Over 10 years working with ACS and 25 years of industry experience. Qualifications include: B.Sc. (Hons) (Psychology), M.Soc.Sc (social work), Dip. SW (social work), PGCE (Education), PGD (Learning Disability Studies).
Gavin ColePsychologist, Educator, Author, Psychotherapist. B.Sc., Psych.Cert., M. Psych. Cert.Garden Design, MACA Gavin is both a highly experienced Psychologist and tutor. Gavin has over 25 years experience in the Psychology industry, and has been working with ACS for over 10 years. He has worked in both Australia and England, and has been involved in writing numerous books and courses in Psychology and Counselling
Janelle McAlpine30 years experience in applied biosciences (Health, Agriculture, Fitness). B.A.(Bioscience), B.Midwifery, Dip.App.Sc., Cert.Fitness, Cert.Pathol.


Check out our eBooks

Counselling HandbookFull of interesting case studies, this ebook is a wonderful introduction to the complex world of the human psyche. Chapters include: Using Counselling, Seeing Behind the Mask, Emotions and Attitudes, Communicating Better, Theory vs Practice, Diffusing Difficult Situations and Golden Rules for Counselors. 43 pages
How Children ThinkLearn more about child psychology and how children think. Have you ever tried to make a child clean up their mess, stop throwing mud or stop drawing on the walls? Then you will know that children think differently to adults. This book is for parents or students of psychology. Seven chapters cover: developmental stages, the influence of nature and nurture, creating balance, changing behaviours, problems and solutions, and staying up to date. 73 pages 40 colour photos
How to be a Life CoachLife coaching is a relatively new profession - although coaches have been around for a long time in the guise of trainers, instructors, managers and tutors for various professions and disciplines. Life coaching is not easily defined, but it is a type of mentoring which focuses on helping individuals to achieve what they would like to achieve and thereby to lead more fulfilling lives. Unlike other forms of coaching, it takes place outside of the workplace and is concerned with all aspects of a person’s life.
Psychology DictionaryWritten by professional psychologists, this “dictionary of psychology” contains descriptions for common terms used in Psychology. There are many terms used in the area of Psychology alone, that are explained throughout this text. Other terms have been taken from everyday language and used in a different context to describe psychological phenomena. 66 pages