ACS Distance Education UK
Coal, Gas and Petroleum
Common environmental issues include contribution to climate change via greenhouse gasses, atmospheric sulphur dioxide (SO2) which is also known as acid rain; Smog and airborne particulates which contribute to lung diseases; nitrous oxide (N2O) which contributes to ozone formation at low altitudes; carbon monoxide (CO) and heavy metals. Aside from environmental issues, one of the biggest issues is the fact that fossil fuels are not renewable, they are finite.
While Natural Gas is considered the cleanest of the fossil fuels there are still many associated issues. One of the main concerns is ‘fracking’ where new deep drilling technologies break up rock formations leaving toxic fluids available to pollute groundwater.
The actual extraction of these types of fuels is as problematic and environmentally damaging as their actual consumption. Some risks associated with the production of these fuels includes: oil spills; heavy metal contamination and habitat disturbance.
How safe are your building materials?