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Turf Repair And Renovation

Course CodeBHT303
Fee CodeS3
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment

Add Turf Repair to Your Green Keeping Skills 

Since turf involves growing many plants in a condensed area, it requires maintaining differently to other plants. Turf has to be cultivated to reduce compaction and enable aeration of roots. It also has to be dethatched to remove debris which can promote diseases.  Many techniques are used to restrict damage to turf but often sections or whole surfaces need to be repaired or replaced.

Learn about turf restoration

Take this course to learn about industry practices for undertaking turf repairs and renovating damaged turf. Learn to recognise symptoms of poor turf health, carry out inspections, and perform operations to maintain turf longevity.  Find out about irrigation systems for turf, and gain an insight into the turf production industry.

The course develops your ability to diagnose and treat problems in turf efficiently.

ACS Student Comment: "In my role within a large Aged Care Facility a great deal of my employment is spent in the area of Turf management and garden care/refurbishment. With ACS I was able to study at my own pace allowing me to put into practice and thoroughly research the subject matter broadening my knowledge and study experience further. I enjoyed the way in which the subject matter was presented as it allowed you to study each subject further, allowing for greater depth, clarity and knowledge. Overall there are not many areas in which the course subject matter will not turn out to be invaluable, everything is covered to allow you to become successful within your own business or place of employment. A big thank you to Gavin Cole [tutor] and all at ACS. It was a pleasure to study with ACS, look forward to further study."  (Craig Ledbury, Turf Repair & Renovation)

Lesson Structure

There are 10 lessons in this course:

  1. Understanding Turf Deterioration - physiological and biological responses.
  2. Repair & Renovation Equipment - use and repair of applicable equipment.
  3. Turf Cultivation Techniques
  4. Health Improvement Techniques -pest control, feeding, watering, etc.
  5. Optimising Turf Usage
  6. Replacing Damaged Turf - techniques for replacement.
  7. Renovation of Degraded Turf - techniques to repair and renovated turf.
  8. Eradicating Turf Weeds
  9. Treating Aeration & Drainage Problems - compaction, etc.
  10. Managing a Turf Nursery.

Each lesson culminates in an assignment which is submitted to the school, marked by the school's tutors and returned to you with any relevant suggestions, comments, and if necessary, extra reading.

What You Will Do

  • Compare the characteristics of different turfs with reference to hardiness, pest &
    • disease resistance, tolerance to play, suitability for different applications, etc
  • Explain different turf problems (including; soil problems, pest & disease weed, environmental, etc)
  • Explain the effect of various adverse situations on the physiology of turf plants.
  • Carry out turf consultancy, conducting site inspections and giving appropriate recommendations.
  • Develop solutions for the repair of damaged turf.
  • Identify the cause of deteriorating condition in a selected turf
  • Explain different repair techniques for control of problems identified.
  • Compare different solutions for the problem identified.
  • Develop turf renovation programs for different types of turf facilities
  • Compare renovation programs for different turf facilities
  • Identify when renovation becomes economically prudent for different facilities

Preparing Turf For Use

A major problem for any turf is that people and machines move over the surface, and in doing so, cause damage such as compaction, dislodgment, bruising of turf plants, and so on.  It may be that an area of turf suffers wear and tear because people drive cars over it and/or park on it, or because it is used for playing sports on. Different uses will result in different problems.  Generally, turf areas are more susceptible to damage when wet. Therefore, if traffic can be avoided when the turf is wet this will help to lessen the damage.

Damage to turf can be affected by both the type of usage and the quantity of usage. Both are, of course, interrelated.

The turf manager needs to be continually working on turf, repairing any damaged sections, optimising it's ability to withstand use, and where necessary, restricting the amount of use.
Rolling is often undertaken before a surface is used, to firm up the surface and remove any uneven bumps.

Turf surfaces might be maintained by doing the following:

Moving to less used Surfaces
eg. Create a turf cricket wicket large enough to relocate the pitch during the season. Use a different surface for training, to what is used for playing games.

Redirecting Traffic

Put up temporary fences, move a hole or tee in golf

Renovating Between Periods of Use
If a surface is to be played on weekly, it may be aerated immediately after play, and left unrolled until as late as possible.
At the end of a season, a sports ground may be renovated and rested without rolling or play; prior to the next sport season.

Minimising Unnecessary Compaction
Limit the use of heavy machinery. Do not put heavy machinery over the turf when it is being rested and renovated.

Boosting Plant Health

Through watering, feeding, and so on.

Use Hardier Grass Varieties
Some species are more tolerant to wear and tear or rolling.

Mowing is important to make a surface playable. Grass that is longer may resist wear and tear more, but shorter grass may allow balls to bounce and players to move better. It is of course safer to fall on longer grass though.
Some mowers are designed to not only cut grass, but also to achieve some or all of the effects attributed to a roller. The weight, configuration, and nature of a mower may impact upon turf in the following ways:

  • Levelling the ground surface: for example, cylinder mowers may ‘shave off’ bumps
  • Rollers behind the mower blades can level and also compact the surface
  • The wheels of a heavy machine can cause compaction. Wide tyres can spread this weight, but narrow tyres on soft moist soil can actually create depressions, rather than levelling the soil.

Such effects need to be taken into account when considering a program of rolling turf. Mowing a golf green, for instance, with a heavy mower may eliminate the need to roll that green, or at least greatly reduce the need for rolling.


What This Course Could Do For You

This course is of value to people who have an interest in grass and turf surfaces. People who take this course are most likely those working in or aspiring to work in:

Turf maintenance
Green keeping
Lawn mowing
Sports turf maintenance
Grounds maintenance
Parks & gardens

The course will also be of value to people wishing to include a turf repair service as part of an existing mowing, gardening or landscaping business.

Meet some of our academics

Maggi BrownMaggi is regarded as an expert in organic growing throughout the UK, having worked for two decades as Education Officer at the world renowned Henry Doubleday Research Association. She has been active in education, environmental management and horticulture across the UK for more than three decades. Some of Maggi's qualifications include RHS Cert. Hort. Cert. Ed. Member RHS Life Member Garden Organic (HDRA) .
Diana Cole B.A. (Hons), Dip. Horticulture, BTEC Dip. Garden Design, Diploma Chartered Institute of Personnel & Development, PTLLS (Preparing to Teach in the Life Long Learning Sector), P.D.C. In addition to the qualifications listed above, Diana holds City & Guild construction qualifications and an NPTC pesticide spraying licence (PA1/PA6). Diana runs her own landscape gardening business (Arbella Gardens). Active in many organisations including the British Trust for Conservation Volunteers.
Yvonne SharpeRHS Cert.Hort, Dip.Hort, M.Hort, Cert.Ed., Dip.Mgt. Over 30 years experience in business, education, management and horticulture. Former department head at a UK government vocational college. Yvonne has traveled widely within and beyond Europe, and has worked in many areas of horticulture from garden centres to horticultural therapy. She has served on industry committees and been actively involved with amateur garden clubs for decades.

Check out our eBooks

Getting Work in a Modern WorldA realistic guide to getting a job or starting out in business. This is a must read; for students, parents, the unemployed, careers advisors or anyone interested in changing or forging a sustainable career.
Getting Work in HorticultureFind out what it is like to work in horticulture; how diverse the industry is, how to get a start, and how to build a sustainable, long term and diverse career that keeps your options broad, so you can move from sector to sector as demand and fashion changes across your working life.
WeedsA good cross section of of common weeds are illustrated and reviewed. These are plants that occur in many parts of the world, and some are not always weeds.
What to Plant WhereA great guide for choosing the right plant for a particular position in the garden. Thirteen chapters cover: plant selection, establishment, problems, and plants for wet areas. Shade, hedges and screens, dry gardens, coastal areas, small gardens, trees and shrubs, lawns and garden art.