Marine Ecology Management

Course CodeBEN304
Fee CodeS3
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment

Learn to understand and manage marine ecosystems.

Lesson Structure

There are 10 lessons in this course:

  1. Scope and Nature of Marine Ecology
    • Introduction
    • Different Marine Ecosystems
    • Coral Reefs
    • Types of Coral Reef - fringing reefs, atolls, barrier reefs
    • Purpose of a Coral Reef
    • Rocky Shore
    • Kelp Forest
    • Seagrass meadow
    • Mangrove
    • Estuary
    • Salt Marsh
    • Tundras
    • Open Ocean
    • Deep Ocean
  2. Biodiversity of Marine Environments
    • Measuring Biodiversity
    • Why Biodiversity Matters - species richness, genetic diversity
    • Marine Protists and Plant Life
    • Bony Fish
    • Sharks and Rays
    • Whales
    • Microscopic Invertebrates
    • Worms and Worm Like Animals
    • Corals and their Relatives
    • Molluscs and Echinoderms
    • Microbe - bacteria, fungi, marine viruses
    • Microbial Loop
    • Carbon Cycling and Dissolved Organic Carbon
    • Biodiversity in a Reef
    • Food Webs
    • Declining Biodiversity
  3. Environmental Factors of Marine Environments
    • Introduction
    • Types of Water - sea, fresh, brackish
    • Oceanography
    • Oceanic circulation
    • Longitudinal Circulation
    • Southern Oscillation (El Nino, La Nina Effect)
    • Ocean Gyres
    • Ocean Zones
    • Pelagic Zone
    • Abiotic Factors - light, temperature, salinity, density, dissolved gases
    • Climate
  4. Climate Change & Other Anthropogenic Pressures
    • How humans create Biodiversity Threats
    • Agricultural Runoff (into estuaries)
    • Fresh water Pollutants - sediments, agricultural chemicals, other
    • Salinity Changes
    • Oil Spills
    • Disturbed Food Chains
    • Overfishing
    • Climate Change
    • Ocean Warming and Sea Levels
    • Ocean Acidification
    • Testing pH
    • Coral Bleaching
  5. Restoration of Natural Marine Ecosystems
    • Microplastics
    • Ecotoxicology
    • Eutrophication
    • Erosion
    • Flood Prevention
    • Restoring Coral Reefs
    • Coral Reef Threats- agricultural runoff, seaweed/kelp, sand, sunscreen, climate change, predators.
    • Restoration through Coral Transplantation
    • Restoration through Micro fragmentation
    • Coral Nurseries
    • Planting out Corals and Substrates
    • Regeneration using Natural Reed Beds to Purify Waste Water
  6. Managing Threatened Species (Practical and Regulatory Approaches)
    • Introduction to Invasive Species
    • Managing Invasive Species
    • Population Surveys and Monitoring
    • Census of Marine Life
    • Managing a Threatened Species via Conservation Practices
    • Conservation of Threatened Species
    • Where to Start
    • Conservation of Habitat
    • Ecological Gap Analysis
    • Reference Sites
    • Breeding Programs
    • Keystone Species
    • Predators
    • Ecosystem Engineers
    • Mutualists
    • Intervention Types - Regulation
    • Case Study
  7. Managing Fisheries in Marine Ecosystems
    • Introduction
    • Case Study - Overfishing Orange Roughy
    • Stock Identity
    • Stock Assessment
    • Stock Biomass
    • Stock Management Methods
    • General Techniques for Managing Fisheries - habitat restoration/closure, seasonal closure, closed waters, protected Statius, Limits, Catch Quotas, Fishing methods. Licences/Permits, Education Programs, Aquaculture
    • Responding to human Food Needs
    • Aquaculture/ Mariculture
    • Extensive Production Mariculture
    • Intensive Production Mariculture
    • Classification of Systems
    • Disease Management for Fisheries
  8. Marine Resources and Sustainability
    • What is a Marine Protected Area
    • How are MPA's Used
    • The AICHI Biodiversity Targets
    • Marine Protected Area Agency Partnership
    • International Guidelines for Designating and Managing MPA's
    • Designating an MPA
    • Field Work
    • Analysis of Existing Resources
    • Conservation and Monitoring of MPAs
    • Working Outside Marine Protected Areas
    • Sustainable Development
    • Preserving Environments
    • Pollution Prevention
  9. Technology
    • Introduction
    • Platforms in Oceanography
    • Ocean Robots and ROV's
    • Satellites
    • Biodiversity
    • Other Devices
    • Digital Photography
    • High Tech Tagging
    • Biotech - DNA Barcoding and Phylogenetic Analysis
    • Microarray
    • SNP array
    • Removal of Ocean Debris and Human Waste
    • Broad Considerations in Marine Research
  10. Data in Marine Management
    • Introduction
    • Ethics in Data
    • Principles of Measurement
    • Variables
    • Measurement Scales
    • Measurement Error
    • Bias and Consistency
    • Making Observations
    • Developing skills in observation
    • Samples and Sampling
    • Choosing a basic method of sampling
    • Using Statistics to Analyse Probability
    • Probability Parameters
    • P-Values
    • Statistics show Relationship
    • Knowing what to Ask about Data - Question types


  • Discuss marine environments and ecology in broad and general terms.
  • Describe biodiversity and interrelationships in different marine environments.
  • Determine the significance of, and interplay between, environmental factors in marine environments.
  • Explain the impact of climate change and other anthropogenic pressures, and measures needed to mitigate these impacts.
  • Determine ways of restoring damaged marine environments
  • Explain the management of threatened marine species.
  • Describe how marine experts work to manage and maintain ecological homeostasis.
  • Describe marine resources and explain how sustainability initiatives are implemented.
  • Apply different technologies for improved management of marine environments.
  • Explain issues of data management and develop critical knowledge of how digitalisation is integrated into marine management.

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