Turf Care

Course CodeBHT104
Fee CodeS3
Duration (approx)100 hours
QualificationStatement of Attainment
TURF CARE-  Learn to grow turf you can be proud of
  • Learn to plant, establish, mow and repair lawns
  • Save money, increase profitability - make the right decisions
  • Increase your employability or start your own turf business
  • Seek work on a golf course, sports ground, bowls club, or in a turf supply company


" Thanks for the videos, they are great! I got a lot of information from them. The Turf Management video is practical and easy to understand. Plant Propagation is a video every student should watch because out here in the real world no-one would give out such information. The Rose Growing Tape was very beneficial to me as I have about 60 odd roses. I thought I knew a little about them but this tape is a real eye-opener."
- Kelvin

" I have never found the staff at any other learning institution as supportive as the staff at ACS. This gives one a lot of peace of mind and confidence to go on - at every squeak from my side, you guys have always been there, immediately to sort me out. The feedback on my lessons has always been really good and meaningful and an important source of my learning. Thanks!..."
- Student with ACS



  • Identify the range of grasses and other species available for turf culture.
  • Explain the management of soils for growing turf.
  • Identify methods for the establishment of turf.
  • Explain the management of problems in turf including weeds, pests and diseases.
  • Explain maintenance practices used in turf management.
  • Plan the development of different turfs used for sport.
  • Develop plans to establish a turfed area.
  • Develop management strategies for the care of established turf.

What Does Home Lawn Care Require?

To ensure your lawn remains in the best possible condition you will need to carry out some maintenance. The amount that you do will depend on the time and resources you have available and your level of motivation.

Maintenance Tasks

  • Although mowing and watering are obvious tasks, others include; topdressing, weeding, pest control, aerating and feeding.

  • Soil structure is all important to any lawn. Over time though, soils become compacted, and the amount of organic matter in the soil will change. Even the best constructed lawn will require ongoing maintenance work to ensure the soil is always in good condition. Improve soil composition by adding water absorbent components to soil (eg. Water crystals, watering in soil wetter materials, mixing through high organic materials –composts, fine mulch, don’t smother the grass plants though).

  • Topdressing is sometimes done annually on high class turf, but for the average gardener this may only need to be done every 2-3 years. Topdressing is usually only needed to fill in depression areas or as a second action after spiking/coring.

  • Spiking/Coring is done to open the soil in order to improve aeration and water penetration. If holes are created in the soil it can help water and nutrients move deeper; and moisture that is deeper will not evaporate and be lost so readily. Ideally a small ‘core’ of soil should be removed during the process. A simple hand corer (similar in appearance to a garden fork but with hollow tines) can be obtained from some hardware and garden supplies. Coring should only be done during the active growing period.

  • Remove weeds that smother desirable turf; but consider retaining weeds that are hardy and enhance the turf’s ability to survive drought.  In city areas, there may be less weed seed being blown about. In suburban areas, more seeds may be spread. If the lawn area is new, there may a ‘bank’ of weed seeds in the soil that need time to germinate over the years to come.

  • Mowing will depend on the season and type of grass grown. Mowing grass less often and a little longer can help improve the ability of a turf to deal with drought. Cool season grasses are cut as high as 4-6cm during summer but are commonly cut down to about 3-5cm in winter (depending on species). Warm season grasses are kept generally lower at about 1—2cm in height in summer and a little longer in winter.

  • Fertilizing lawns can make a difference. A well structured lawn will drain well but if it drains, nutrients are also washed away, and fertilizing is the way you replace leached nutrients. When fertilising use the rate as recommended on the packaging. Fertilising after spiking or coring will help get the nutrients deeper into the soil; promoting deeper root growth, which is better for fighting drought. In areas where growth is vigorous, more frequent applications may be needed. In zones where seasonal rainfall is very heavy (e.g. tropics) it is best to wait till after the heaviest rainfall period is finished before applying fertiliser, otherwise most of the fertiliser is washed/leached away.

  • Watering – Lawns will be less healthy if they become too dry, or too wet. Think carefully about how much watering you are likely to need to do. If you live in a place where rainfall is low or erratic, you maybe better to have less lawn in the garden. It is better to have a small lawn that is watered properly and healthy, than a large lawn that you cannot manage. If water is pleantiful though, that may not be an issue. Choose grass cultivars that suit the rainfall and soil conditions you have. Some grasses tolerate, and may even thrice in dry conditions and other in wet. Some are not so tolerant of variable moisture conditions. Many today would encourage wise water usage, aiming to irrigate lawns less frequently with a more intense volume of water to encourage the roots of grasses to go deeper into the soil. Again, coring or spiking before watering can help the water penetrate deeper


Associate Diploma in Turf

Sports Turf Management

Turf Repair and Renovation



This course will provide you with the knowledge and skills to produce quality lawns. It will open up work opportunities that will put you ahead of others in this field - lawn care is more than just pushing a lawn mower - it is understanding what varieties to choose, how to keep a lawn healthy and weed free and looking great year round. This course provides you with the knowledge.

Your tutors are experts  - they are also dedicated to helping you throughout your course.


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